Rajya Sabha nominations & Caste equations – Part2

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Rajya Sabha nominations in 2018 again stirred the debate about parties showing nepotism and fielding candidates belonging to the same community (https://www.telugu360.com/rajya-sabha-nominations-caste-equations-telugu-states-part1/). However, let’s take a pragmatic approach instead of pointing any single party and examine the behavior the major parties since beginning.

Since, 1952 to till date (not including 2018 nominations), total of 229 candidates have been sent to Rajya Sabha.

PartyNumber of MPs sent to Rajya Sabha so far
INC137

TDP50
Independents13
CPI12
Janatha4
CPM4
BJP3
JP3
Congress (O)1
TRS1
YSR1
Grand Total229

Congress party:

The number represents number of nominations, not the number of MPs. For example, V Hanumanth Rao is nominated thrice, so it is counted as 3. Also, Kapu’s include Kapu, Munnuru Kapu, Turpu kapu etc and other allied castes. Other/ No info represents the candidates that are from other states and not from AP, so their caste is irrelevant in this analysis. We admit, we could not get information of caste of some of the MPs, especially those belonging to initial decades.

Obviously, Congress has sent maximum Reddy candidates to RS. Its whopping 28%. Kamma, Kapu, Muslim and SC/ST (combined) got almost equal opportunities. However, opportunities to BCs are comparatively less. More than 60% opportunities grabbed by upper castes.

Congress PartyNo of MPs Sent so RS so far
Reddy39
Kamma16
Muslim15
kapu14
SC12
Brahmin7
BC6
Christian5
Kshatriya4
ST3
Velama3
Others/ No info13
Total137

TDP

Here also Kamma got 16 out of 50 opportunities. It is whopping 32%.

Surprisingly, BCs got very less opportunities in TDP as far as Rajya Sabha is concerned. Christians never got RS seat through TDP.

TDPNumber of MPs sent to RS so far
Kamma16
Kapu10
Reddy8
BC4
Muslim4
SC4
Velama2
ST1
Vaisya1
Grand Total50

BJP:

BJP got only 3 opportunities, out of those 3, it gave 2 opportunities to candidates from other states (e.g. Nirmala sitharaman, Suresh Pabhu). It seems, for BJP, Andhra is just a state that satisfies the needs of their candidates belonging to other states.

BJPNumber of MPs sent to RS so far
Kamma1
Others2
Grans Total3

CPI:

Communist party of India , for that matter all communist parties, do not care about caste. Most of the communist leaders, though they belong to upper castes they fought against caste system (at least in the initial decades). So, seeing communist parties also with the same lens of other parties is not correct. Moreover, many communist leaders, they did not disclose their castes on public platforms and also they cut-off their last names that reveal their castes. So we have more count in “No info” section here.

Having said that, it is still surprising to see mostly upper caste people being nominated for RS though communist party as well.

CPINumber of MPs sent to RS so far
Kamma4
Kapu1
Brahmin1
Muslim1
Others/No Info4
Reddy1
Grand Total12

CPM:

The same logic applies to CPM as well.

In fact, before TDP, critics of communist parties used to quote – “They (CPI, CPM) are not comrade parties, they are “Kamma, Reddy” parties. Before TDP, most of the people belonging to Kamma caste were with Communist parties as the Congress was dominated by Reddys all the time and communist parties were the main alternative to Congress those days.

CPMNumber of MPs sent to RS so far
Kamma3
Reddy1
Grand Total4

There are other parties like Janatha, Congress (O), that sent members to Rajya Sabha from AP but those parties went into oblivion later.
YSRCP has sent 1 MP to Rajya Sabha so far, belonging to Reddy community.

Overall, these are the statistics of various parties sending MPs to Rajya Sabha.

Zuran

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